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Symphony 100 In G 'military'/Allegretto
Franz Joseph Haydn Lyrics


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Choral Practice Recordings

1st Movement:

0:06 - Slow Introduction - starts in G Major

Exposition:
1:58 - 1st Subject - starts in G major
2:54 - first (repeat of 1st subject but in dominant key) 2nd Subject - starts in D major
3:16 - second (new) 2nd Subject - starts in D major
3:33 - Codetta - starts in D major - finishes perfect cadence in D major
{repeat}

Development:
5:44 - Development (modulates through lots of different keys) -starts in Bb Major

Recapitulation:
7:10 - 1st Subject - starts in G major
7:36 - 2nd Subject - starts in G major
8:28 - Coda - starts in G major


2nd Movement:

8:47 - A section - starts in C major
10:47 - B section - starts in C minor
12:00 - A' Section - starts in C major
14:01 - Coda - starts in C major



Elaine Blackhurst

@Mikko Korhonen
You’re quite right that the use of a trumpet fanfare - actually an Austrian army military call - was not uncommon.

What was unusual was the way it was worked into a movement that was Haydn’s biggest hit symphony whilst in England.

The reason for this, as recorded in the spectacular London newspaper reviews, was that the movement tuned into - absolutely and completely - the fears of a nation under a serious war threat from revolutionary France*.
Up to Trafalgar in 1805, there was a real danger of invasion, and it was probably the biggest threat as such to the security of the British Isles between the Spanish Armada in 1588, and the German Luftwaffe of 1940.

It is this historical context that actually makes the trumpet call rather more original than you suggest.

* Haydn was well aware of the war situation; he had seen thousands of French prisoners on a trip to review warships in Portsmouth, and on his return to Vienna in August 1795, rather than take the normal shorter route across the English Channel to Calais, had had to take the longer North Sea crossing to Hamburg.



All comments from YouTube:

Choral Practice Recordings

1st Movement:

0:06 - Slow Introduction - starts in G Major

Exposition:
1:58 - 1st Subject - starts in G major
2:54 - first (repeat of 1st subject but in dominant key) 2nd Subject - starts in D major
3:16 - second (new) 2nd Subject - starts in D major
3:33 - Codetta - starts in D major - finishes perfect cadence in D major
{repeat}

Development:
5:44 - Development (modulates through lots of different keys) -starts in Bb Major

Recapitulation:
7:10 - 1st Subject - starts in G major
7:36 - 2nd Subject - starts in G major
8:28 - Coda - starts in G major


2nd Movement:

8:47 - A section - starts in C major
10:47 - B section - starts in C minor
12:00 - A' Section - starts in C major
14:01 - Coda - starts in C major

ceren özdemir

Haydn composed this work with the mehter, the music of the Ottoman troops during the siege of Vienna. It is an honor to see the Ala Turca effect in this great master. Respectfully.

허민

하이든 - 교향곡 [100번] [군대]
[트럼펫]과 [팀파니 도입]
[터기악기]로 여겨지던 [트라이앵글], [심벌], [큰북]등의 타악기 음향 도입

Gaydvorak

Is the measure at 8:41 a printing error? There are 5 beats in it

Kallehed

14:02 Man Mahler just took this part for his fifth

xoknight

I mean you can find it in Mendelssohn's midsummer, and his piano incidental

Elaine Blackhurst

@Guido Anselmi
The historical context is important - as I have explained above - if interested.

Elaine Blackhurst

@Mikko Korhonen
You’re quite right that the use of a trumpet fanfare - actually an Austrian army military call - was not uncommon.

What was unusual was the way it was worked into a movement that was Haydn’s biggest hit symphony whilst in England.

The reason for this, as recorded in the spectacular London newspaper reviews, was that the movement tuned into - absolutely and completely - the fears of a nation under a serious war threat from revolutionary France*.
Up to Trafalgar in 1805, there was a real danger of invasion, and it was probably the biggest threat as such to the security of the British Isles between the Spanish Armada in 1588, and the German Luftwaffe of 1940.

It is this historical context that actually makes the trumpet call rather more original than you suggest.

* Haydn was well aware of the war situation; he had seen thousands of French prisoners on a trip to review warships in Portsmouth, and on his return to Vienna in August 1795, rather than take the normal shorter route across the English Channel to Calais, had had to take the longer North Sea crossing to Hamburg.

Guido Anselmi

@Mikko Korhonen
Exactly. You can point to dozens of other pieces that have moments/openings like that.

Mikko Korhonen

It's a trumpet fanfare, not exactly the most original musical idea in the world.

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